The State Soil of Illinois



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Drummer Soil Profile

  • Surface layer: thick, black silty clay loam
  • Subsurface layer: very dark gray silty clay loam
  • Subsoil: grayish brown and gray silty clay loam
  • Substratum: dark gray, mottled loam and sandy loam





The Drummer soil series was established in Ford County,
Illinois, in 1929. It was named for Drummer Creek in Drummer
Township. It consists of very deep, poorly drained soils that
formed in 40 to 60 inches of loess or other silty material and in
the underlying stratified, loamy glacial drift. These soils formed
under prairie vegetation.




Drummer soils are the most extensive soils in Illinois. They
occur on more than 1.5 million acres in the state. They are the
most productive soils in the state. Corn and soybeans are the
principal crops.




The average annual precipitation in areas of Drummer soils
ranges from 32 to 40 inches. The average annual air
temperature ranges from 48 to 54 degrees F.



Drummer is a fine-silty, mixed, superactive, mesic Typic
Endoaquoll. This taxonomic classification is very typical of the
wet, dark colored, prairie-derived soils of Illinois.



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Citation styles

APA style
State Soil of Illinois. (2014, December 30). In ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. Retrieved 03:58, February 26, 2020, from https://statereports.com/il_state_soil/
MLA style
classbrain, “State Soil of Illinois.” ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. 30 December 2014, 14:45 UTC. . 26 Feb 2020 <https://statereports.com/il_state_soil/>.
MHRA style
classbrain, 'State Soil of Illinois', ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States, 30 December 2014, 14:45 UTC, <https://statereports.com/il_state_soil/> [accessed 26 February 2020]
The Chicago Manual of Style
classbrain, “State Soil of Illinois.” ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States, https://statereports.com/il_state_soil/ [accessed February 26, 2020].
CBE/CSE style
classbrain, State Soil of Illinois [Internet]. ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States; 2014 December 30, 14:45 UTC [cited 2020 Feb 26]. Available from: https://statereports.com/il_state_soil/.
Bluebook style
State Soil of Illinois, https://statereports.com/il_state_soil/ (last visited Feb. 26, 2020).
AMA style
classbrain, State Soil of Illinois. ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. December 30, 2014, 14:45 UTC. Available at: https://statereports.com/il_state_soil/. Accessed February 26, 2020.

Citation styles

APA style
State Soil of Illinois. (2014, December 30). In ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. Retrieved 03:58, February 26, 2020, from https://statereports.com/il_state_soil/
MLA style
classbrain, “State Soil of Illinois.” ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. 30 December 2014, 14:45 UTC. . 26 Feb 2020 <https://statereports.com/il_state_soil/>.
MHRA style
classbrain, 'State Soil of Illinois', ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States, 30 December 2014, 14:45 UTC, <https://statereports.com/il_state_soil/> [accessed 26 February 2020]
The Chicago Manual of Style
classbrain, “State Soil of Illinois.” ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States, https://statereports.com/il_state_soil/ [accessed February 26, 2020].
CBE/CSE style
classbrain, State Soil of Illinois [Internet]. ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States; 2014 December 30, 14:45 UTC [cited 2020 Feb 26]. Available from: https://statereports.com/il_state_soil/.
Bluebook style
State Soil of Illinois, https://statereports.com/il_state_soil/ (last visited Feb. 26, 2020).
AMA style
classbrain, State Soil of Illinois. ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. December 30, 2014, 14:45 UTC. Available at: https://statereports.com/il_state_soil/. Accessed February 26, 2020.