Northern cardinal
Cardinalis cardinalis


Identification Tips:


  • Length: 7.75 inches
  • Large, conical bill
  • Crest
  • Long tail

Adult male:


  • Bright red plumage, dullest on back and wings
  • Black around base of bill
  • Red bill

Adult female:


  • Reddish crest, wings and tail
  • Brownish-gray upperparts
  • Buffy underparts
  • Red bill
  • Juvenile like adult female but has dark bill and crest

Similar species:


The male Northern Cardinal is unmistakeable. Females and juveniles are
similar to Pyrrhuloxia but Pyrrhuloxia has a yellow bill with a curved culmen
and is grayer, less brown.



Length and wingspan from: Robbins, C.S., Bruun, B., Zim, H.S., (1966). Birds of North America. New York: Western Publishing Company, Inc.



Learn more with the help of Google.



Google







Handheld Birds and Software at National Geographic


Citation styles

APA style
State Bird of Illinois. (2014, December 30). In ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. Retrieved 11:40, February 25, 2020, from https://statereports.com/state-bird-illinois/
MLA style
classbrain, “State Bird of Illinois.” ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. 30 December 2014, 16:35 UTC. . 25 Feb 2020 <https://statereports.com/state-bird-illinois/>.
MHRA style
classbrain, 'State Bird of Illinois', ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States, 30 December 2014, 16:35 UTC, <https://statereports.com/state-bird-illinois/> [accessed 25 February 2020]
The Chicago Manual of Style
classbrain, “State Bird of Illinois.” ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States, https://statereports.com/state-bird-illinois/ [accessed February 25, 2020].
CBE/CSE style
classbrain, State Bird of Illinois [Internet]. ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States; 2014 December 30, 16:35 UTC [cited 2020 Feb 25]. Available from: https://statereports.com/state-bird-illinois/.
Bluebook style
State Bird of Illinois, https://statereports.com/state-bird-illinois/ (last visited Feb. 25, 2020).
AMA style
classbrain, State Bird of Illinois. ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. December 30, 2014, 16:35 UTC. Available at: https://statereports.com/state-bird-illinois/. Accessed February 25, 2020.

Citation styles

APA style
State Bird of Illinois. (2014, December 30). In ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. Retrieved 11:40, February 25, 2020, from https://statereports.com/state-bird-illinois/
MLA style
classbrain, “State Bird of Illinois.” ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. 30 December 2014, 16:35 UTC. . 25 Feb 2020 <https://statereports.com/state-bird-illinois/>.
MHRA style
classbrain, 'State Bird of Illinois', ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States, 30 December 2014, 16:35 UTC, <https://statereports.com/state-bird-illinois/> [accessed 25 February 2020]
The Chicago Manual of Style
classbrain, “State Bird of Illinois.” ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States, https://statereports.com/state-bird-illinois/ [accessed February 25, 2020].
CBE/CSE style
classbrain, State Bird of Illinois [Internet]. ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States; 2014 December 30, 16:35 UTC [cited 2020 Feb 25]. Available from: https://statereports.com/state-bird-illinois/.
Bluebook style
State Bird of Illinois, https://statereports.com/state-bird-illinois/ (last visited Feb. 25, 2020).
AMA style
classbrain, State Bird of Illinois. ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. December 30, 2014, 16:35 UTC. Available at: https://statereports.com/state-bird-illinois/. Accessed February 25, 2020.