State Bird of West Virginia - Cardinal

State Bird of West Virginia – Cardinal


Northern Cardinal

Cardinalis cardinalis


Identification Tips:

  • Length: 7.75 inches
  • Large, conical bill
  • Crest
  • Long tail

Adult male:

  • Bright red plumage, dullest on back and wings
  • Black around base of bill
  • Red bill

Adult female:

  • Reddish crest, wings and tail
  • Brownish-gray upperparts
  • Buffy underparts
  • Red bill
  • Juvenile like adult female but has dark bill and crest

Similar species:

The male Northern Cardinal is unmistakeable. Females and juveniles are
similar to Pyrrhuloxia but Pyrrhuloxia has a yellow bill with a curved culmen
and is grayer, less brown.

Length and wingspan from: Robbins, C.S., Bruun, B., Zim, H.S., (1966). Birds of North America. New York: Western Publishing Company, Inc.
Source: USGS



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Citation styles

APA style
State Bird of West Virginia. (2014, December 30). In ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. Retrieved 11:05, February 23, 2020, from https://statereports.com/state-bird-west-virginia/
MLA style
classbrain, “State Bird of West Virginia.” ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. 30 December 2014, 16:46 UTC. . 23 Feb 2020 <https://statereports.com/state-bird-west-virginia/>.
MHRA style
classbrain, 'State Bird of West Virginia', ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States, 30 December 2014, 16:46 UTC, <https://statereports.com/state-bird-west-virginia/> [accessed 23 February 2020]
The Chicago Manual of Style
classbrain, “State Bird of West Virginia.” ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States, https://statereports.com/state-bird-west-virginia/ [accessed February 23, 2020].
CBE/CSE style
classbrain, State Bird of West Virginia [Internet]. ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States; 2014 December 30, 16:46 UTC [cited 2020 Feb 23]. Available from: https://statereports.com/state-bird-west-virginia/.
Bluebook style
State Bird of West Virginia, https://statereports.com/state-bird-west-virginia/ (last visited Feb. 23, 2020).
AMA style
classbrain, State Bird of West Virginia. ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. December 30, 2014, 16:46 UTC. Available at: https://statereports.com/state-bird-west-virginia/. Accessed February 23, 2020.

Citation styles

APA style
State Bird of West Virginia. (2014, December 30). In ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. Retrieved 11:06, February 23, 2020, from https://statereports.com/state-bird-west-virginia/
MLA style
classbrain, “State Bird of West Virginia.” ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. 30 December 2014, 16:46 UTC. . 23 Feb 2020 <https://statereports.com/state-bird-west-virginia/>.
MHRA style
classbrain, 'State Bird of West Virginia', ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States, 30 December 2014, 16:46 UTC, <https://statereports.com/state-bird-west-virginia/> [accessed 23 February 2020]
The Chicago Manual of Style
classbrain, “State Bird of West Virginia.” ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States, https://statereports.com/state-bird-west-virginia/ [accessed February 23, 2020].
CBE/CSE style
classbrain, State Bird of West Virginia [Internet]. ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States; 2014 December 30, 16:46 UTC [cited 2020 Feb 23]. Available from: https://statereports.com/state-bird-west-virginia/.
Bluebook style
State Bird of West Virginia, https://statereports.com/state-bird-west-virginia/ (last visited Feb. 23, 2020).
AMA style
classbrain, State Bird of West Virginia. ClassBrain's State Reports | State Symbols | 50 US States. December 30, 2014, 16:46 UTC. Available at: https://statereports.com/state-bird-west-virginia/. Accessed February 23, 2020.